Editorial: Int J Cardiol
Zilberman M, Silverberg DS, Schwartz D, Oksenberg A.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) in anemic patients with Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) and Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) and to evaluate the effect of anemia treatment on RLS. METHODS: 38 anemic CHF-CRF patients were treated with subcutaneous Erythropoietin (EPO) and intravenous (IV) iron over 1 year. They were questioned initially and at 3 months post treatment about symptoms of RLS according to standard criteria. They were also contacted by telephone about RLS symptoms 12 months after onset of anemia treatment. RESULTS: RLS was found in 15 (39.5%) of the 38 patients. In 10 (66.7%) patients it was present at least 6 days a week. The prevalence of the RLS initially was not related to Hb, to serum iron or % Transferrin Saturation. Diabetes and lower serum ferritin were more common in the RLS group (p<0.05). After 3 months of treatment, Hb increased from 10.4+/-0.8 to12.3+/-1.2 g/dl, but RLS symptoms did not change. By 12 months the prevalence and frequency of RLS complaints was similar to what it had been initially. CONCLUSION: RLS is common and often undiagnosed and untreated in anemic CHF-CRF patients. Unfortunately, successful treatment of anemia with EPO and IV iron did not improve this condition.