Effect of statins on erythropoietin responsiveness in Type 2-diabetic versus non-diabetic hemodialysis patients

Editorial: Clin Nephrol
Fecha: 01/01/2010
Tangdhanakanond K, Raja R

Aims: This study investigated whether the antiinflammatory effect of statins improved erythropoietin responsiveness in hemodialysis patients. We also examined if Type 2 diabetes mellitus, which had been shown to increase erythropoietin resistance, affected this effect of statins. Methods: 103 patients were included in the cross-sectional study. Patients were stratified into statin and non-statin groups, and subgrouped based on the presence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Demographic, laboratory and other relevant data were analyzed by independent sample t-tests. The outcome of interest was erythropoietin dose. Two-way analysis of variance was used to determine the interaction between the use of statins and the presence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Results: Of 103 patients, 34% were on statins and 38.8% were diabetic. The mean erythropoietin dose (units/kg per week) was significantly lower in the statin group (275.6 +/- 273.2, 449.5 +/- 555.9, p < 0.05). 20% of patients in the statin group required erythropoietin dose in excess of an epoetin equivalent of 500 units/kg per week, compared to 30.88% in the non-statin group. The mean C-reactive protein level (mg/l) was lower in the statin group, although there was no statistical significance (1.13 +/- 1.22, 1.77 +/- 2.43, p = 0.08). The two-way analysis of variance showed no interaction between the use of statins and the presence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus on erythropoietin dose. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that hemodialysis patients who were on statins had a significantly lower erythropoietin requirement. This association is possibly due to the pleiotropic effect of statins.

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