Clinical impact of blood storage lesions

Editorial: Am J Hematol
Fecha: 01/02/2010
Zubair AC

Recent reports suggest that transfusion of old red blood cell (RBC) units (>2 weeks) was associated with increased risks of postoperative complications and higher mortality rate caught public attention (Yap et al., Ann Thorac Surg 2008; 86:554-559 and Koch et al., 2008; 358:1229-1239). This rekindled the decades old discussion regarding the impact of RBC aging and storage lesions in patient care. The objectives of this review are to provide readers with an overview of the process of banking RBC that may have an impact on its quality, the reported clinical impact of storage lesions, the consequences of transfusing new RBC units only to the nation’s blood supply and potential solutions that may improve the feasibility of blood banks to issue new blood units only.

The safety and efficacy of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose in anaemic patients undergoing haemodialysis: a multi-centre, open-label, clinical study.

Editorial: Nephrol Dial Transpl
Fecha: 01/02/2010
Covic A, Mircescu G.

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often present with iron depletion and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) because of frequent blood (and iron) loss. Therapy consists of repletion of iron stores and intravenous (i.v.) iron has become the standard care in this setting. However, older i.v. iron preparations have their limitations. This study primarily investigated the safety, and also the efficacy, of ferric carboxymaltose (FCM), a next-generation i.v. iron formulation, given as a bolus-push injection in patients with CKD undergoing maintenance haemodialysis (HD). METHODS: Patients (aged 18-65 years) with IDA undergoing HD received 100-200 mg of iron as FCM via an i.v. bolus-push injection into the HD venous line, two to three times weekly for /=1.0 g/dl increase in haemoglobin (Hb) from baseline at any time during the study. Enrolled patients (safety population) receiving >/=1 dose of study medication were included in the efficacy analyses [intent-to-treat (ITT) population]. RESULTS: Of 163 patients enrolled, 150 (92%) completed the study. The mean +/- SD total cumulative dose of iron as FCM administered was 2133.3 +/- 57.7 mg. In total, 193 AEs were reported in 89 out of 163 (54.6%) patients. Almost three-quarters of patients (73.6%) received erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs), but the dose remained stable during the study. Serious AEs occurred in 12 out of 163 (7.4%) patients and two patients died; none of these was considered by the investigator to be related to the study medication. Only five out of 163 (3.1%) patients discontinued study medication due to an AE. Overall, 100 out of 162 (61.7%; ITT population) patients were treatment responders, and mean Hb levels increased from 9.1 +/- 1.30 g/dl at baseline to 10.3 +/- 1.63 g/dl at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: FCM is well-tolerated and effective in the correction of Hb levels and iron stores in patients with IDA undergoing HD. As changes in anaemia treatment other than i.v. FCM (e.g. increased ESA doses) were not permitted during the study, the clinically relevant increase in Hb in the majority of patients can be solely attributed to efficient iron utilization. The incidence of AEs was as expected for this population

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